Once the nuts are collected, the real work begins. Arizona Walnut - Juglans major Most common in central Arizona with outliers in Texas, Utah, and New Mexico, this is a walnut of dry habitats, growing in canyons, and alongside watercourses. The seed is large and sweet with a thick shell. Herb: Arizona Walnut Latin name: Juglans major Synonyms: Juglans microcarpa major, Juglans rupestris major, Juglans torreyi Family: Juglandaceae (Walnut Family) Edible parts of Arizona Walnut: Seed - raw or cooked. The seed is rather small, but it is sometimes eaten. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press. Insignificant flowers are followed by small edible nuts. Of little value. [6][7], Where the range of J. major overlaps that of J. microcarpa, the two interbreed, producing many intermediate forms. Report of an Expedition down to the Zuni and Colorado Rivers 171, pl. Though more common in East Texas, the gourmand-cherished black walnut (, We are also blessed with two other native edible walnuts—the Arizona walnut (, Cheese the Day: Discovering craft and comfort through local cheese, Click here for Black Walnut cookie recipe, Sweet Bundt Cake with Orange Maple Frosting, Click here to learn more about email marketing by Emma. Crack open the shell with a hammer to retrieve the nutmeat. It does best when watered during prolonged, dry periods. A large, deciduous tree, the black walnut tends to have a straight and tall single trunk. They are from a common native tree. 16. Rhysocaryon), and the Spanish name nogal cimarrón (cimarron walnut). Author, Researcher, Clinician. Plant Name. Plant in full sun and provide moderate to ample irrigation. The seed is large and sweet with a thick shell. major, J. rupestris var. Of little value. Edible parts of Arizona Walnut: Seed - raw or cooked. There are two different types of walnuts that people like to eat. Whether used in baking or sprinkled on ice cream, black walnuts are a free and plentiful delicacy for the adventurous forager. Juglans major (literally, the larger walnut), also known as Arizona walnut, is a walnut tree which grows to 50 ft tall (15 m) with a DBH of up to 0.61 metres (2 ft) at elevations of 300–2,130 m (1,000–7,000 ft) in Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah. I’ve spent many hours walking or boating along the rivers of Texas in search of tasty, wild foods. Arizona Walnut. Gathering pinyon nuts can be a memorable family experience. The part that is decaying is just the outer hull. Latest titles: Wild Edible Plants of Utah (2020), Wild Edible Plants of Colorado (2020), Wild Edible Plants of Arizona (2019), and Wild Edible Plants of New Mexico (2019). (Strange, yes, but the taste is hard to describe—author Samuel Thayer once likened it to really good paint.) [4] Common names include Arizona black walnut (as it belongs to the "black walnuts" section Juglans sect. COCHISE COUNTY MASTER GARDENERS Sierra Vista - Main Office. Black Walnut (Juglans nigra) Black walnut is most common in the East and Central regions. Evergreen? Large green compound leaves provide great summer shade. Below Fools Hollow Dam on Show Low Creek. To subscribe to our newsletter click on the link below, so you won't miss a single delicious detail. (1988). (1960). This broadly rounded, deciduous tree is native to riparian areas in Arizona, New Mexico, west Texas and Mexico. Insignificant flowers are followed by small edible nuts. An edible oil is obtained from the seed, it tends to go rancid quickly. Preferring deep soils, Arizona walnut can withstand wind and heat. [5] The 8–14 in long pinnately compound leaves bear 9–15 lanceolate leaflets, 19–32 mm (.75–1.25 in) wide by 51–102 mm (2–4 in) long. {adinserter Adsense Block} Walnut trees (Juglans sp.) Arizona's White Mountains. In addition to containing high amounts of antioxidants and beneficial fats, the black walnut has more protein than any other nut.The black walnut’s unique sharp and sour-sweet flavor can demand top dollar. Edible Plants Listed here are some of the southeastern Arizona edible plants, the native and introduced plants with edible parts such as their flowers, fruit, leaves, or roots. (1853). Its leaves look a lot like pecan leaves—pinnately compound, which means several long, narrow leaflets extending off each side of a shared green midrib. 1140 N. Colombo Sierra Vista, AZ 85635-2390 (520) 458-8278 x2141; cochisemg@cals.arizona.edu The walnut meats inside the hard shell should be fine, but I think they still need to dry/cure - not sure how long, as I've not done that bit. Scientific Name: Juglans major Synonyms: Juglans elaeopyren, J. microcarpa var. Plant in full sun and provide moderate to ample irrigation. Edible plants are quite common here in the Sonoran Desert, and many of them have traditionally been … A large, deciduous tree, the black walnut tends to have a straight and tall single trunk. Once the green husks are removed, the walnut is revealed. We are also blessed with two other native edible walnuts—the Arizona walnut (Juglans major) and the little walnut (Juglans microcarpa)—but the black walnut bears the largest nuts. Botanical Name: Juglans major. Its range extends southward to Florida and westward to North Dakota and Texas. It tastes nothing like the common English walnut; it’s much more aromatic and tastes like an expensive perfume. I use this part as dye - the tannins and juglone in the green (now black) hull help make a remarkably color-fast dye. All rights reserved. Duration: Perennial, Deciduous Growth Habit: Tree Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Upland, Riparian. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 27:219. Pinyon Nuts. : No. Trees & shrubs of Trans-Pecos Texas including Big Bend and Guadalupe Mountains National Parks. The black walnut fruit is usually the size of a golf ball or larger, and is yellowish-green with black spots when ripe. Allowing the nuts to dry or “cure” for a few weeks before cracking may improve the flavor and will make it easier to pry the nutmeat from the shell. Copyright © Edible Austin LLC. Sun Exposure: Full sun. : Yes. Laferriere, J.E. [8][9], Data related to Juglans major at Wikispecies. [3] It also occurs in Mexico as far south as Guerrero. Walnuts are also well known for their exceptionally high quality wood, which is strong and durable yet easily worked, and they are an important source of food and cover for a number of wildlife species, especially birds and squirrels. 2016. Once the nuts are cracked, pick out the nutmeat and eat it raw, roast it or use it like any other nut. 1104 p. Powell, A. Michael. A walnut is the nut of any tree of the genus Juglans (Family Juglandaceae), particularly the Persian or English walnut, Juglans regia.. A walnut is the edible seed of a drupe, and thus not a true botanical nut.It is commonly consumed as a nut. They have a tough hull or husk and a tough shell. Large green compound leaves provide great summer shade. This broadly rounded, deciduous tree is native to riparian areas in Arizona, New Mexico, west Texas and Mexico. Native Plant? It is a small tree with a single or multiple trunks and a widely-spreading crown. ... Walnut Springs - between Lakeside and Pinetop. Size: 50' H & W. Water Use: Moderate. Black walnuts typically ripen during September through November, and fall from the tree when they’re ready to eat, making them easy to gather when scattered on the ground. COCHISE COUNTY MASTER GARDENERS Sierra Vista - Main Office. The first is the English walnut and the second is the black walnut. This plant grows in rocky upland canyons and along streams from … In moister areas, the tree features a single, stout trunk; there are usually several slender trunks in drier situations. And for those less inclined to forage for wild food, there are several places to buy wild-harvested and commercially shelled black walnuts online or in retail stores. First, remove the green husks by stomping on them or smashing them with a board on a solid surface (be sure to wear gloves because the juices can stain). Black walnuts are native to North America. Vines, Robert A. There are about 45 seeds to the pound. It also occurs in Mexico as far south as Guerrero. The seeds are 25 - 40mm in diameter. Even on a leisurely tubing trip, I keep my eyes peeled for that next ripe dewberry, the ubiquitous wild onion or the just-fallen pecan. Click here to learn more about email marketing by Emma.

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