Organ transplantation is a highly effective treatment for advanced organ failure. Epub 2014 Jul 17. Transplant Proc. 2014 Sep;42(3):121-6. doi: 10.2149/tmh.2014-12. Xenotransplantation: A potential solution to the critical organ donor shortage. 2005 Mar;18(2):150-3. doi: 10.1002/ca.20066. Current ethical issues in organ procurement and transplantation. Clinical organ transplantation has been recognized as one of the most gripping medical advances of the century as it provides a way of giving the gift of life to patients with terminal failure of vital organs, which requires the participation of other fellow human beings and of society by donating organs from deceased or living individuals. 2017;26(2):169-175. doi: 10.1159/000451057. These models carry a c-statistic slightly higher than 0.6, which equates to slightly better than the flip-of-a-coin. Ethical issues in kidney transplantation – reflections from Nigeria Joseph Olusesan Fadare1, Babatunde L Salako21Department of Medicine, Kogi State Specialist Hospital, Lokoja; 2Department of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, NigeriaAbstract: Organ transplantation has become a life-saving procedure for many disease conditions hitherto considered incurable. We discuss ethical issues of organ transplantation including the stewardship tension between physicians' duty to do everything possible for their patients and their duty to serve society by encouraging organ donation. are still included in adverse graft/patient outcomes. Moreover, the potential donor incapacitated by terminal illness is usually unable to actively consent to donation. Ethics, transplantation, and the changing role of anatomists. We emphasize consideration of the role of the principles of justice, utility and equity in the just distribution of transplantable organ as scarce resources. Learn more about these ethical issues with the latest articles from the AMA. Ethical and Cultural Issues in Transplantation: The Views and Attitudes of Nurses. Jared White is a liver transplant and hepatobiliary surgeon at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and a member of the AAS Ethics Committee. fatal car wreck, brain hemorrhage, lightning strike, etc.) 2018 May 4;23:292-299. doi: 10.12659/AOT.908615. Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Current ethical issues in organ procurement and transplantation JAMA. Australia’s organ transplantation success rates are some of the highest in the world, with a 5-year survival rate of 80% for most organs. II. AAS - Association for Academic Surgery. It has also led to the practice of organ sale by entrepreneurs for financial gains in some parts the world through exploitation of the poor, for the benefit of the wealthy. The increasing incidence of vital organ failure and the inadequate supply of organs, especially from cadavers, has created a wide gap between organ supply and organ demand, which has resulted in very long waiting times to receive an organ as well as an increasing number of deaths while waiting.  |  NLM 2016;18 (2):163-173. doi: 10.1001/journalofethics.2017.18.2.sect1-1602. This review deals with the ethical and moral issues generated by the current advances in organ transplantation, the problem of organ supply versus organ demand and the appropriate allocation of available organs. Knowledge and Ethical Issues in Organ Transplantation and Organ Donation: Perspectives from Iranian Health Personnel. INTRODUCTION. 1999 May;13(4):311-8. doi: 10.1155/1999/231798. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Full consideration of the ethical issues surrounding referral and listing practices for transplant is beyond the scope of this paper. Evaluation of an educational, theater-based intervention on attitudes toward organ donation in Risaralda, Colombia. Organ donation can transform the lives of transplant recipients. In 2015, 1,241 Australians received a transplant of an organ from a deceased donor. Deaths before 1 year that are unrelated to complications of the transplant (i.e. Most literature on ethics of organ transplantation focuses on specific and practical issues of current interest and addresses the issues with the recipient’s well-being prioritized. Ethical, Legal and Medical Issues in Organ Transplantation. Organ transplantation is lifesaving for individuals with end-stage organ failure. However, many people are still waiting for organ transplantation due to religious beliefs and the perspectives of society. 1994 Dec 7;272(21):1708-9. doi: 10.1001/jama.272.21.1708. 2.1. Data provided in support of the concept that clinical organ and tissue transplantation can be more beneficial and life saving if everyone involved in the process, including physicians and medical institutions, respect and consider the best interests of the patients, as well as honor the ethical, moral and religious values of society and are not tempted to seek personal fame or financial rewards. The first kidney donor was an identical twin. The current advances in immunology and tissue engineering and the use of animal organs, xenotransplantation, while offering very promising solutions to many of these problems, also raise additional ethical and medical issues which must be considered by the medical profession as well as society. People are able to donate their organs once they have died. The review also deals with the appropriate and ethically acceptable ways of utilizing the recent advances of stem cell transplantation from adult versus fetal donors, tissue engineering and the use of organs from animals or xenotransplantation. 2016 Nov;14(Suppl 3):32-36. A history of organ transplantation The medical practice of organ transplantation has grown by leaps and bounds over the last 50 years.

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